Automation is a big topic for companies, no matter the industry. Whether your job is in IT or another business area, you’re likely hearing about automating as a way of saving money, improving efficiencies, và removing inherent errors.Quý Khách đang xem: Orchestration là gì
Often, automation is a term that may be used only partially correctly. The term orchestration, by contrast, is used less outside technical areas, but it’s more often what we mean when we talk about automation. Whichever term, automation & orchestration are both essential to lớn successful digital transformation.
Bạn đang xem: Orchestration là gì
In this article, we’re exploring the different but related concepts of automation & orchestration by:Defining automation and orchestration in ITClearing up the differencesSharing how beneficial both are, when used in tandem, in a DevOps culture
What is automation?
When we hear about automation, it’s typically in reference to making entire processes or workflows run. This isn’t quite right.
The definition of automation is setting up a single task to lớn run on its own—automating one task. Automating a task can apply to both desktop-only tasks and cloud tasks. This single task can be anything:Launching a web serverStopping a serviceIntegrating a web appChanneling an tin nhắn khổng lồ a predetermined folder
Individuals can automate daily tasks lớn improve sầu their efficiency, but companies of all industries & sizes look to automation lớn increase efficiency at scale.
What is orchestration?
Frequently, orchestration is what we actually mean when we are talking about automating. Orchestration is automating many tasks together. It’s automation not of a single task but an entire IT-driven process. Orchestrating a process, then, is automating a series of individual tasks khổng lồ work together.
If orchestration sounds more fancier than automation, that’s because it is—at least it is more complex. In enterprise IT, orchestrating a process requires:Knowing và understanding the many steps involved.Tracking each step across a variety of environments: applications, Smartphone devices, và databases, for instance.
More formally, the definition of orchestration includes the automated arrangement, coordination, và management of:Middleware
Use cases for orchestration
Orchestration takes advantage of multiple tasks that are automated in order to automatically exexinh tươi a larger workflow or process. These could be comprised of multiple tasks that are automated & could involve sầu multiple systems.
The goal of orchestration is to lớn streamline và optimize frequent, repeatable processes. Companies know that the shorter the time-to-market, the more likely they’ll achieve sầu success. Anytime a process is repeatable, và its tasks can be automated, orchestration can be used to lớn optimize the process in order to lớn eliminate redundancies.
For tech-enabled companies (which is practically everyone), the main use cases for orchestration include:Speedier software developmentManaging many servers and applicationsData analytics
Here’s an example: A developer needs to enter a line of code throughout the software. At first glance, it the developer may think it’s a quick line of code that’s easy to manually insert. But entering code manually, by hand, introduces the risk of human error. This risk must be minimized in live environments in particular. Even if this risk is introduced in testing, the developer still spends valuable time fixing an unnecessary error.
Instead, the developer can opt to orchestrate this additional code by automating the individual tasks that comprise the process of inserting this code. That’s nice on its own—it might not even seem necessary. Importantly, however, the developer ensures that bad code isn’t entered, increasing efficiency.
Automation và orchestration benefits
Automating one task may impress your users or make them aware that something has sped up a little bit. On its own, simple automations will not make a big perceivable difference. But when automation is built inkhổng lồ a series of processes và workflows, which are then orchestrated lớn run automatically, there can be endless benefits.
Common benefits include:Minimizing team interactions. Team collaboration is certainly valuable, but it can also introduce friction inlớn projects & processes. Orchestrating certain workflows and processes can minimize this friction among mỏi teams.Increasing productivity. Instead of using human power on rote tasks, you can work on projects that require human thought, decision making, & skills.Standardizing workflows and products. Standardizing processes and products across the spectrum means your processes và products are consistent and reliable—& your company will come to be seen this way, too.Improving employee experience. Employees who spkết thúc their time on more creative sầu, thoughtful, or challenging tasks, not plug and play tasks that can be automated, are more likely to lớn appreciate their work environment.
Automation và orchestration in DevOps
As DevOps ways of working are becoming the norm, holistic DevOps cultures are more comtháng. And automation & orchestration are essential to DevOps culture.
Here, in DevOps world, you’re likely both automating và orchestrating. Using both means they can be played off each other to lớn streamline & accurately exedễ thương processes that lead to lớn speedier and successful tiện ích deployments. You’ll likely start with automating individual technical tasks. Then, as you continuously automate, you’ll start orchestrating entire IT workflows that are comprised of numerous technical tasks.
Well-orchestrated IT processes enable, tư vấn, và empower key DevOps theories of continuous integration (CI) và continuous delivery (CD). The more processes that are orchestrated, the more DevOps engineers can work with other teams khổng lồ create apps that meet a lot more—perhaps one day all—requested requirements.
Get started orchestrating: Beginner tips
At this point, you may be wondering why you aren’t automating or orchestrating all your IT needs. Some people say this is the next step of DevOps—known as NoOps: when developers are freed from tasks altogether in order to continue innovation.
Automating larger or more custom suites, like an in-house software solution, will require IT build out the workflows. In this scenario, you’ll need khổng lồ prioritize workflows and processes.
Here are a few tips on choosing how & what khổng lồ automate và orchestrate:Consider the business need. You could automate a million tasks that might make things easier for individuals or only IT teams—but this misses the larger goal of creating business value. Consider how much time khổng lồ spover on automating tasks that feel good but don’t help the business.Rethành viên the goals of speed and accuracy. Automate tasks that applications or machines can vì chưng with more speed & accuracy than a human can. Even if it’s something small, lượt thích our example of inserting a line of code: this can avoid costly human errors.Orchestrate khổng lồ không tính phí up employee time. Orchestrate workflows that miễn phí up the team. With less rote tasks, the team can tackle more valuable projects that are not easy to lớn orchestrate, lượt thích creative & innovative output, or the start of a new project.Choose projects that create significant and measurable business value. If you’re using orchestration only khổng lồ tốc độ up how quickly tasks get completed, you’re not receiving the true business value that orchestration can provide.
As automation & orchestration continue lớn improve tasks & automation, more teams – both IT and otherwise – are able to lớn work towards an ideal hàng hóa that incorporates a larger amount, or eventually all, of the requested requirements.
How khổng lồ choose automation/orchestration tools
Because orchestration is a complex task by nature, a variety of tools can help you achieve orchestration easily. When considering which tools are best, consider these factors:The task at h&. Do you need khổng lồ orchestrate IT infrastructure workflows, or software development workflows? The tools for these jobs are different.Simplicity. Is it simple enough or too simple?Auditability. Does your tooling create and support an audit trail, which many industries require for compliance?Scaling in production. Can your tooling handle scaling up or down as peaks demand?Data and analytics. As data overtakes us, will your tooling keep up with processing? One Control-M user shared how his company acquired two more companies, but with the right tooling, they experienced no major outages, loss of data, or scheduled processing.
Popular orchestration software
It’s nearly impossible to put together a list of all the software that falls inkhổng lồ this category. But here are some comtháng tools that are popular for specific orchestration tasks—you’ll likely come across these as you begin your research.
Ansible: Continuous delivery
Ansible is an open source infrastructure automation tool that automates repetitive sầu tasks for people working in IT, such as:Cloud provisioningConfiguration managementApplication deploymentIntra-service orchestration
This tool targets Continuous Delivery (CD), a DevOps principle within the software development lifecycle (SDLC).
Control-M: Application workflow orchestration
Control-M orchestrates the application & data sources that comprise a business service. It’s a more general job scheduler and manager for batch files. It comes after you would use Ansible, when you need lớn orchestrate with other applications and data sources, to deliver a business service or business application, such as:End of day closeCredit approvalBillingPredictive maintenance
Where Ansible supports CD in applications, Control-M drives the execution, visibility, and control in production.
(Hear from real users how Control-M helps manage workflows.)
Jenkins: Continuous integration
Jenkins focuses on building software, particularly at scale. Jenkins supports continuous delivery và integration. It’s built on the Java Virtual Machine (JVM) with more than 1,500 plugins for automating most software delivery-related giải pháp công nghệ.
Kubernetes: Orchestration for containers
Kubernetes is container platsize that orchestrates computing, networking, và storage infrastructure workloads. Kubernetes orchestrates apps that you develop & ship in containers, making software development easier & laser-focused on the goal of the app—not the underlying infrastructure and environment. The general rule of thumb for K8S: if your phầm mềm fits in a container, Kubernetes will deploy it.
(Learn more in our multi-part Kubernetes Guide, with articles and tutorials.)
What are SOAPs?
It seems that Gartner expects SOAPs lớn function as the single orchestration point for managing and executing automation tasks across the enterprise. That’s why they’ve recommended that Infrastructure and Operations (I&O) leaders invest in SOAPs—to drive digital innovation and business agility.