relating lớn laparoscopy (= the use of a long thin tube put into lớn a cut made in the body toàn thân in order lớn examine inside the body or bởi an operation):

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Advances in the production and propagation of transgenic goats using laparoscopic ovum pick-up và in vitro embryo production technologies.
Furthermore, laparoscopic surgery is technically more complicated to lớn perkhung, & its success may be influenced by the experience of the surgical team.
Decisions about the use of laparoscopic repair depover on whether the benefits outweigh the extra costs & intraoperative risks.
This has associated morbidity and mortality, although laparoscopic methods are making it a more attractive option particularly in the older population.
One important sự kiện associated with laparoscopic surgery that was not modeled explicitly, owing to lớn a lack of useable data, was the effect of conversion.
Cost estimates of slings, injectables, & laparoscopic colposuspension were calculated by using published data on average length of stay and operation time for these procedures.
It is also likely that laparoscopic resection has some short-term advantages in terms of recovery in the postoperative sầu period (12).

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A recent retrospective đánh giá compared the outcomes of open or laparoscopic gastrojejunostomy versus endoscopic stenting for malignant gastric outlet obstruction.
As with all laparoscopic surgery, there is a learning curve & a long operating time may be needed initially, but this usually decreases with experience.
The increase since the late 1980s coincided with the introduction of minimally invasive procedures, especially laparoscopic cholecystectomy.





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